Written and Revised by Sara Chaca, Attorney – Abogada
September 15th, 2019
Mediation in Ecuador is an informal, non-binding and private means of discussing and hopefully bringing a dispute to a close via settlement by and between the parties at issue, so as to prevent the need to go to an Ecuadorian Court to seek a legal judgment from an Ecuadorian judge. The parties to any Ecuadorian mediation proceeding set a meeting with an approved disinterested independent third party, whose charge and specific intention is to if possible, arrive at a mutually acceptable resolution between the parties of any dispute, that will bring the matter to an uneventful and satisfying finale, without the need to make use of the Ecuadorian Courts and thus not become ensnared in the Ecuadorian legal system.
It is of specific note that no party whom participates in an Ecuador mediation proceeding is required to accept or reach a resolution during the mediation, and absolutely nothing of what is said (or unsaid) during the mediation enters into any Ecuadorian court record in the event that the parties to the mediation don’t agree on a mutually acceptable solution to their dispute. Instead, and as first stated above, the Ecuadorian mediator’s only job and hope is to assist the parties to come to a mutually acceptable resolution, if possible, and assuming that each party to the dispute shows up to the mediation meeting (which itself doesn’t always happen and in any case isn’t punishable, sanctioned or otherwise have any effect on any Ecuadorian legal case resulting there from any such failure of either party to show up to the mediation). Generally, for Expats residing in Ecuador, having an Ecuadorian Lawyer be at their side so as to arrange, coordinate and handle their mediation, is the most reliable and surest way of processing a mediation in Ecuador to the point of a well prepared, completely proper and most successful possible conclusion, whatever that might be in each individual and unique case.
And so, in the remainder of this article, I shall cover the different kinds of legal matters that can generally be processed via mediation, the opportunities that mediation provides, and what actually happens during mediation.
The parties to most legal cases or disputes are permitted to avail themselves of mediation in the vast majority of civil matters. However, circumstances that don’t take the form of a potential legal case can also be processed via mediation. Such as, an argument with the owner of the house next-door as to a tree that grows on the border of both properties, or the amount of illumination emanating from a neighbor’s path or roof lighting system, aren’t usually the kinds of disputes that warrant the filing of a legal case against another, at least not in Ecuador..And so, as per any of those type matters rearing its ugly (though less than litigious) head, one party requesting that both sides head to mediation so as to resolve their disagreement, is usually par for the course. Thus, almost any type of non-criminal matter that you can think of is (or at least can be) ideal for mediation. That said, in my experience as an Ecuadorian lawyer, the most common type of disputes in Ecuador, and those which are best resolved through mediation, are typically ones that involve tenancy matters, disagreements between neighbors, business/debt issues, family matters, employment situations, etc. In Ecuador, it can usually be written into a contract or even be a requirement at law that mediation first be attempted in the case of certain type disputes, prior to the dispute proceeding to become an actual Ecuadorian court case (though once again as first stated above it isn’t required for the parties to reach an agreement at the mediation and even showing up to the mediation isn’t required if one or more parties to the mediation have no interest in doing so for whatever reason).
For a number of reasons, mediation in Ecuador can be highly desirable in comparison to pursuing a court case in Ecuador against another. The potential opportunities afforded by mediation in Ecuador are as follows:
During any Ecuadorian mediation, one can expect as follows to transpire:
And so, given the prospect that any potential lawsuit in Ecuador can (and usually will be) costly, time consuming and wrought with aggravation, the Ecuadorian mediation process is a fine, honorable and well tested way of resolving disputes between parties whom would likely otherwise fight it out in the Ecuador Court system and have sleepless nights in the face of the certain uncertainty that any such Ecuadorian lawsuit usually otherwise entails.
Sara Chaca (Attorney – Abogada) is a seasoned Ecuadorian Lawyer, who principally serves Expats in making their moves to Ecuador, as well as for any legal issues that arise or become actionable for her Expat clients to undertake in their new lives here in her beautiful country. Sara resides in Cuenca with her family, which consists of her American husband and 2 daughters (as well as her parents and siblings), and when not working, she enjoys spending time with her family in Cuenca’s majestic Cajas Mountains and local parks & fairs of Cuenca, plus visiting the coast as well as the many gem towns of Ecuador. Sara’s personal email address is email@example.com and her law office’s fully informative website is www.ecuadorvisas.com for you to visit at any time of day or night – plus, her personal Ecuadorian cell phone number is 099-296-2065 and her Toll Free “800” phone number for US & Canadian callers is 1-(800)-655-1581. Sara has a less than 24 hour first response policy, in that if you email or call her, she WILL return your first email or first phone call in less than 24 hours (more typically in closer to 24 minutes). Most importantly, all first time consultations with Expats for any type Visa or Legal matter(s) are always FREE OF CHARGE.